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Introduction to Brahma Kapal
For Hindus, Brahma Kapal is particularly significant since it is thought to be the location where people pay reverence to the souls of their ancestors. Brahma Kapal, a flat platform on the banks of the Alaknanda River, is also where loved elders’ death rites are performed.
It’s about 2 kilometres from Badrinath’s hills. All of the supplies needed to complete the seniors’ funeral rites are readily available at surrounding stores.
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It is claimed that Lord Brahma resides in Brahma Kapal and that when their family members do their last rites, or shraddha karma, here, the departed souls are freed from the cycle of birth and death. Several pundits (priests) can be found here, sitting with samagri (materials) to perform the ceremony.
The Brahma Kapal ghat is present in Badrinath Dham in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in India and is constantly splashed by the cool waters of the Alakananda River.
It is frequently visited by pilgrims who come to perform the Shraddha ceremony of their forefathers and mothers.
According to the Skanda Purana, doing the Shraddha ceremony at Badrinath kshetra is eight times better than performing it at Gaya kshetra. At Badrinath’s Brahma Kapal ghat, devotees conduct Shraddha for their ancestors.
This Brahma Kapal ghat is located on the banks of the sacred river Alakananda, roughly 200 to 300 metres to the left of Lord Badrinath, i.e., to the north of Badrinath temple.
This location is easily accessible by foot, and devotees can always come here to conduct Shraddha for their ancestors.
The Origin of Brahma kapal Ghat
This location, which is marked by a few stones, is revered across the universe. The dark stone visible here is a shard of Lord Brahma’s skull. The following is a description of how the Brahma Kapal ghat became famous:
“This Badrinath kshetra has been a place of excellence since the beginning of the universe,” Lord Shiva tells Skanda. This holy kshetra is eternal, just like the Vedas and Lord Hari, and has been the dwelling of renowned sages such as Narada and others.
Lord Brahma was once fascinated by the gorgeous form of his daughter Saraswati at the commencement of the Satya Yuga. When Lord Shiva saw this, he became enraged and broke Lord Brahma’s fifth head.
He was afflicted by the Brahma-hatya sin when he did so.
Lord Brahma’s head became stuck in Lord Shiva’s trishul at the same time. Lord Brahma visited the majority of the sacred locations in the cosmos in order to free himself of his head and the sin of brahma-hatya that accompanied it.
He also went to Bhuloka, Swargaloka, and Patalaloka to undertake penances. However, Lord Brahma’s head remained still lodged in his palm.
Lord Shiva contacted Lord Narayana for help since he was tired of looking for a solution and couldn’t find one.
He bowed down to Lord Narayana and recounted the events that led to his current state. Lord Narayana advised him to approach Badarikashrama after patiently listening to Lord Shiva.
Lord Shiva followed Lord Narayana’s instructions, and as soon as he entered Badarikashrama, brahma-hatya personified began to shudder, and Lord Brahma’s head detached from Lord Shiva’s grasp and dropped to the ground, disappearing from sight.
From then on, Lord Shiva started staying in Badarikashrama along with his consort Parvati Devi. In Badarikashrama, Lord Shiva has been performing tapasya i.e. penances along with the best of the sages.
Just like Kashi is very dear to Lord Shiva, Badarikashrama whose qualities are infinite is equally loved by Lord Shiva.
In many other holy places, one can get moksha by completing one’s occupational tasks in accordance with religious injunctions, but in Badrinath, the route to liberation becomes simple with just one darshan of Lord Badrinath.
On the banks of the Tapta Kunda in Badri kshetra, Lord Shiva lives in the shape of Adi-Kedar Shivalinga. Lord Shiva’s devotees adore him in the form of Adi-Kedar Shivalinga here.
The Brahma Shivalinga, which grants liberation to devotees who die in Kashi, is worshipped in Badrinath kshetra.
Devotees who worship the Adi-Kedar Shivalinga, which is positioned beneath Lord Badri Narayana’s lotus feet, live forever. Brahma Kapal Ghat and Badrinath Dham are renowned for their beauty.
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Frequently Asked Questions:
On the banks of the river, Tarpan, Bhoj, and Pind Daan are done suitably for the emancipation of the ancestors. Some special locations in the country have been designated for this purpose. In the country, about 55 locations are regarded as essential during Shradh Paksha.
So it is reported and believed that after conducting Shradh in Gaya, the final Shradh is conducted in Badrikashram, Uttarakhand’s ‘Brahmakapali’. After Gaya, it is the most important location. It is also said that those ancestors who do not get salvation in Gaya or elsewhere find redemption here by doing Shradh. This location is near Badrinath Dham, on the banks of the Alaknanda River.
As a result, the importance of the Brahmakapali Teerth is linked to the narrative. The Pandavas’ Story
Pind Daan was also done here by the Pandavas for the sake of their families’ tranquillity. The Pandavas, according to Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran, sinned killing the gotra after killing their siblings and sisters in the fight. While on the Swargarohini Yatra, the Pandavas offered their forefathers in the Brahmakapal to atone for the sin of killing the gotra. The Puranas claim that this place is home to famous ascetics and saintly souls. Great spirits reside here in subtle form, according to Shrimad Bhagwat Purana. Pind Daan, which is done at Brahma Kapali, is the last. After then, no Pind Daan or Shradh Karma for the ancestor is performed. Lord Brahma is said to reside in the shape of Brahma Kapal. Brahma had five heads once upon a time, one of which was cut off and dropped here. On the banks of the Alaknanda river, a boulder in the shape of Brahmaji’s head can still be found. Every year during Pitru Paksha, there is a large throng from Bhadrapada Shukla Purnima to Ashwin Krishna Amavasya. Brahma Kapal is considered the ultimate pilgrimage (Mahatirtha) for achieving ancestral salvation. In the Puranas, it is stated that after donating Pind in Brahmakapal, Pind Daan is no longer required. Gaya, Pushkar, Haridwar, Prayagraj, and Kashi are also ideal for Pind Daan, according to Skanda Purana, but Pind Daan done in Brahmakapal in Bhu-Vaikunth Badrinath Dham is eight times more productive than others. Shiva was set free from the guilt of slaying Brahma on the Brahma Kapalal, because he had decapitated Brahma’s fifth head.
According to the Puranas, salvation is attained by Brahmagyan, Gaya Shradh, death in a cowshed, and residency in Kurukshetra.
Brahma Kapal, located on the banks of the Alaknanda River, is a significant Hindu pilgrimage site in Badrinath.
No, there isn’t an option for online darshan.
Winters in Badrinath (November to February) are frigid, with average temperatures hovering around 5°C. During the winter, temperatures can drop below zero, and snowfall is common. These months are ideal for those who enjoy cold weather.
Summers in Badrinath are pleasant, with a somewhat cool climate, and typically continue from May through June. During these months, the temperature ranges from a pleasant 7°C to a scorching 18°C.
The ideal time to visit the temple is from May to June and September to October. It is highly recommendable to avoid late winters and monsoon seasons.
Pind daan can be done anytime while the whole year, but pitrupaksha a 18 day period before Navaratri is considered as holy time to conduct the ritual.
Pind daan is a holy ritual which is conducted after the cremation of an individual, it is an offering to our grands, so they can acquire sadgati (next stage of life after death).
Pind daan is conducted by the purohits/pandas over the banks of river in Gaya, Prayag & Varanasi. They conduct Ganga poojan, pinda poojan, tarpanam, sankalpam.
No. In the temple, all electronic devices are prohibited (viz. mobile, camera, laptop). At the temple’s entrance, there is free storage for the same.
When there are no male relatives who are ready or able to carry out Pind Daan, female relatives such as daughters and mothers can carry it out.