What is Tarpan?
The term ‘trup’ refers to a person’s ability to please others. The basic word ‘Trup’ was used to create the term ‘Tarpan.’ Tarpan is the act of offering water to God, the Sages, the souls of ancestors, and human people and gratifying them with it.
The goal of tarpan is for God, departed ancestors’ spirits, and other entities whose names are uttered throughout the ritual to give pleasure on us.
Frequently Asked Questions:
‘Tarpan should be conducted along the riverbed,’ according to Bodhayan. When doing Tarpan beside the river, one should either stand in the river until the water level reaches the belly button, or sit on the riverbanks.
Tarpan for God and Sages should be done facing East, whereas Tarpan for the spirits of departed ancestors should be done facing South.
According to science, tarpan for God should be done after ‘Savya,’ tarpan for Sages should be performed after ‘Nivit,’ and tarpan for departed ancestors’ spirits should be performed after ‘Apasavya.’
Tarpan requires the use of a dried grass twig (darbha). Tarpan for God is done from the tip of the darbha, tarpan for Sages is done by folding the darbha in half, and tarpan for the spirits of departed ancestors is done from the tip and root of the two darbhas.
Water (tarpan) should be offered to deities with the tips of the fingers, whereas water should be offered to Sages with the base of the little finger and the third finger, and to the departed ancestors’ souls with the middle of the thumb and the first finger of the hand.
Tarpan should be done using one handful (anjali) of water for each god, two handfuls for Sages, and three handfuls for the spirits of departed ancestors. Three handfuls of water should be used for matrutrayi (mother, grandmother, and great grandmother), and one handful of water should be used for other female ancestors’ spirits.
(The term ‘anjali’ means ‘handful’ or ‘onjal’ in Hindi.) ‘Giving one fistful (anjali) of water for tarpan’, on the other hand, indicates that the tarpan should only be given once – Compiler)
A lot has been said in the Puranas about Shradh and Tarpan. In the Puranas, Shradh and Tarpan has been described at Gayaji during Pitru Paksha by many divine sages and in the Puranas, the importance of Shradh has been described and it is considered the most important to perform Shradh and Tarpan in Gaya. According to Brahma Purana, a person who performs Shradh and tarpan for the sake of his ancestors by means of shaak etc., increases his entire family and no person of his lineage becomes unhappy and no pain can reach him.
The eldest son, according to Hindu texts, has the authority to perform Shradh karma with Tarpan to the ancestors.
If the son is married, he and his wife can do Tarpan together.
If the eldest son is deceased, the younger son may do Pinddaan, Tarpan, and Shradh karma.
Tarpan for God, Sages, and the spirits of departed ancestors should be conducted on a regular basis (daily). Tarpan is a daily practise that should be performed after a bath in the early morning. If doing Shraddha for the souls of departed ancestors on a regular basis is not practicable, one should at the very least conduct tarpan.
Pitru tarpan should be conducted the day after Parvan Shraddha is performed.